Often when working on older homes, contractors are asked to renovate the floors as part of a larger paint and remodel project.
Often times, replacing or even refinishing old wood floors is impractical, both logistically and financially. But painting wood floors can be a great and inexpensive way to add value to your customers without going over your budget.
To paint old wood floors, first clean and isolate the area to be painted. The last thing you want to happen is for the family pet to be walking around the area. More read other Paint Sprayer for Kitchen Cabinets
Then scrape the existing floor. This is very important and has two purposes. First, it dulls the shine of the floor, making it easier to adhere or bond the paint you are going to apply. And second, the scraping sand removes any cosmetic blemishes and smooths the floor surface.
It is not necessary to use a vertical floor sander or polisher, although some of these machines are the most efficient way to prepare a large floor for painting. A simple and effective way to scrape and sand a floor is to simply put 100 grit sandpaper in a post sander and make multiple passes using light but consistent pressure.
This will raise some dust, which you will then vacuum with the floor attachment on your shop vacuum. This is the time to clean the floor and remove any traces of dust and debris. You are now ready to paint.
How to Select Paint to Paint Wood Floors
The best paint that can be used on interior wood floors is a good quality floor / porch glaze. These paints are available in water formulations that are very easy to apply.
Among the different types of paints, water enamels have fewer odors than oils and tend to dry faster. In many cases, these types of products can be used without a base coat, saving time when completing work.
After selecting the paint, be sure to test a small section of the floor by first sanding the area lightly and then applying a sample of the paint to be used. This is the easiest way to confirm product compatibility between the existing floor finish and the new product you plan to apply.
To paint hardwood floors you will need a af-inch fluffy roller, a large brush (4 to 6 inches), and a smaller cut brush (2½ inches). With this setup, you will have the option of using the roller in the main floor area.
Sometimes the surfaces where the roller has been used are marked with undesirable “patterns”. To avoid this, use a larger brush to “brush” over the paint you just applied with the roller so that the resulting finish has a brush-like appearance rather than the texture of a roller.
It is important to use blue painter’s tape to mark the bottom edges of the plinth so that you can liberally apply the first coat, creating a solid base coat. Follow the recommendations on the paint can allow adequate drying time, and then lightly scrape the floor to prepare it for the second coat of paint. For each round of light scraping use a higher grain number, making sure never to jump to too high a number; personally I prefer to go from 100 to 150 or 180.
Vacuum or wipe the floor surface with a cloth before applying the second coat. Apply the second coat just as you applied the first coat. However, you will find that you don’t need as much product the second time, so subsequent applications will be faster.
Depending on what your client wants and what their budget is, you can finish the floor if the second layer coverage is adequate. Always follow the manufacturer’s recommendations to view cure times before exposing the floor to traffic.
If your client wants a more durable finish, you can scrape away the second coat and apply a coat or two of clear sealer to give the floor a higher shine and protection. This is a good way to treat high traffic areas.
These initial layers also serve as the basis for a custom design. For example, you can use painter’s tape to demarcate a chess design, and even bring a faux finish kit to “marbleize” and give the pattern a glazed finish. If your client opts for a custom design, be sure to apply clear overcoats to it.
How to know how much to charge for painting wooden floors
Unless you’re working on material and time, you’ll need to provide your customer with an estimate. Start by measuring the square footage of the floor that needs finishing. Use this information to calculate the number of gallons of paint you will need.
Usually, the paint label will say the coverage rate of the product in square feet. If a gallon covers 300 square feet and you have a floor with an area of 400 square feet, chances are you will need 3 gallons to complete the project.
Then estimate the preparation and application times for each coat and apply your hourly rate to get your total labor costs. Add your overhead, relevant labor and material margins and calculate your utility to get the total cost of the project and be sure to clearly define what the project will cover, particularly regarding the number of layers.